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Ancient Europeans may have been first wine makers

New analysis shows remnants in clay jar were more than just grape juice

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6:00am, June 24, 2016
Ancient wine jug

WINE TIME  A piece of a roughly 6,300-year-old jar found in Greece contains chemical evidence of fermented grapes, making it the oldest known example of wine making in Europe, and perhaps in the world.

Bottoms up, from the distant past. Thanks to a new method of analyzing the chemicals in liquids absorbed by clay containers, researchers have uncorked the oldest solid evidence of grape-based wine making in Europe, and possibly the world, at a site in northern Greece.

Chemical markers of red wine were embedded in two pieces of a smashed jar and in an intact jug discovered in 2010 in the ruins of a house destroyed by fire around 6,300 years ago at the ancient farming village of Dikili Tash.

After successfully testing the new technique on replicas of clay vessels filled with wine, then emptied, the scientists identified chemical markers of grape juice and fermentation in clay powder scraped off the inner surfaces of the Dikili Tash finds. None of the vessels contained visible stains or residue, researchers report online May 24 in the Journal of Archaeological Science.

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