From New Orleans, at the Joint Assembly of the American Geophysical Union
The large masses of warm, moist air that fuel hurricanes also prime those windstorms to drop a lot of precipitation in a short time, a phenomenon that residents of Puerto Rico experienced in spades when Hurricane Georges struck their island in 1998. Now, new hydrological analyses indicate just how much storm runoff and sediment washed into the surrounding waters in the wake of that storm.
In the course of a normal year, the 8,700-square-kilometer island of Puerto Rico gets about 1.6 meters of rain, says Matthew C. Larsen, a hydrologist with the U.S. Geological Survey in Reston, Va. That's about 14 billion cubic meters of precipitation. About 6 billion m3 of that water recharges the island's aquifers, but the other 8 billion m3 runs off the island in streams, carrying around 5.9 million metric tons of sediment.