News in Brief

Stone Age fishing spear found on Southeast Asian island

Carved bone points to ancient, complex hunting weapons near Indonesia

By
5:16pm, January 21, 2014

HUNTING NOTCHES  An ancient piece of carved bone (both sides shown) was probably the base of a spear point that inhabitants of Timor attached to a wooden or bamboo shaft. The artifact is slightly less than one inch long and about one-half inch wide.

A 35,000-year-old piece of carved bone found on Timor, an island between Java and Papua New Guinea, indicates that complex hunting weapons were manufactured much earlier than previously thought in Australasia.

A team led by archaeologist Sue O’Connor of Australian National University in Canberra has unearthed, in a project that began in 2000, what it regards as the broken butt of a bone spear point. Three closely spaced notches and part of a fourth were carved on each side of the artifact, above a shaft that tapers to a rounded bottom.

Wear on the notches and residue of a sticky substance close to the bottom suggest the point was tied and glued to a slot on the side of a wooden handle or inserted into a split hollow shaft, the researchers report January 15 in the Journal of Human Evolution.

Stone Age islanders threw spears from boats at large fish and other sea prey, O’Connor proposes.

This article is available only to subscribing members. Join SSP today or Log in.

More from the Science News Archives