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Young sun’s super solar flares helped set early Earth up for life

Particle blasts could have created molecules to warm planet, seed DNA

11:00am, May 23, 2016
solar flare

SUPERFLARE  Gusts of solar wind from the young sun produced life-supporting molecules, researchers propose. The solar flares probably compressed Earth’s magnetic field (blue lines) and sent particles raining into the atmosphere, as shown in this illustration. 

Solar outbursts may have supplied early Earth with the right stuff for life.

Based on telescope observations of young sunlike stars, researchers estimate that “super” solar flares bombarded Earth with energetic particles at least once a day around 4 billion years ago. Collisions between the particles and molecules in Earth’s atmosphere produced nitrous oxide, a planet-warming greenhouse gas, and hydrogen cyanide, a crucial component for building DNA, the researchers propose May 23 in Nature Geoscience.

Those chemical products warmed and fostered emerging life, says study coauthor Vladimir Airapetian, an astrophysicist at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. “Our sun, worshipped by ancient civilizations, wasn’t just a source of warmth, it also produced ingredients for life,” he says.

Life’s earliest traces date back to around 4

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