Carolyn is the Earth & Climate writer at Science News. Previously she worked at Science magazine for six years, both as a reporter covering paleontology and polar science and as the editor of the news in brief section. Before that she was a reporter and editor at EARTH magazine. She has bachelor’s degrees in Geology and European History and a Ph.D. in marine geochemistry from MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She’s also a former Science News intern.

All Stories by Carolyn Gramling

  1. Ichthyornis dispar skull and illustration
    Animals

    This ancient fowl bit like a dinosaur and pecked like a bird

    A new fossil of Ichthyornis dispar helped scientists create a 3-D reconstruction of the ancient bird’s skull, shedding light on early bird evolution.

  2. Pohang quake damage
    Earth

    Pumping water underground for power may have triggered South Korean quake

    A 2017 South Korean earthquake may have been caused by human activities, two new studies suggest.

  3. swimming brine shrimp
    Oceans

    Masses of shrimp and krill may play a huge role in mixing oceans

    Hoards of migrating shrimp and krill can cause large-scale turbulence in the ocean, a new study suggests.

  4. cargo ship
    Climate

    Cargo ships must cut their emissions in half by 2050

    A new international agreement places a cap on greenhouse gas emissions from international cargo ships.

  5. kelp forest
    Oceans

    Ocean heat waves are becoming more common and lasting longer

    Over the last 100 years, the world’s oceans have sweltered through a rising number of heat waves.

  6. Saniwa ensidens
    Paleontology

    This ancient lizard may have watched the world through four eyes

    A lizard that lived 50 million years ago had both a third and a fourth eye.

  7. Mississippi River flooding
    Earth

    Efforts to contain Mississippi floods may have made them worse

    Intensive management of the Mississippi River has increased the size of its largest floods, suggests a new study.

  8. Køge Bugt
    Climate

    Seafloor map shows why Greenland’s glaciers melt at different rates

    A new high-res look at the seafloor shows how ledges and dips affects whether relatively warm ocean water reaches the ice.

  9. Sluice Pond sediment core
    Earth

    Powerful New England quake recorded in pond mud

    The newfound sediment signature of the 1755 Cape Ann earthquake could be used to trace other prehistoric temblors.

  10. earthquake damage
    Earth

    False alarms may be a necessary part of earthquake early warnings

    To give enough time to take protective action, earthquake warning systems may have to issue alerts long before it’s clear how strong the quake will be.

  11. hydrothermal fields in Ethiopia
    Earth

    Will Smith narrates ‘One Strange Rock,’ but astronauts are the real stars

    Hosted by Will Smith, ‘One Strange Rock’ embraces Earth’s weirdness and explores the planet’s natural history.

  12. snowy house in Boston
    Science & Society

    What we can and can’t say about Arctic warming and U.S. winters

    Evidence of a connection is growing stronger, but scientists still struggle to explain why.