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Against the grains

Low-carbohydrate and Mediterranean diets outperform low-fat regimen in two-year trial

3:59pm, July 16, 2008

Carbohydrates have taken another hit. A new study finds that a low-carb diet results in greater weight loss and better cholesterol readings than a low-fat regimen that promotes a lot of grains and fruits. A Mediterranean diet that incorporates some of each diet yielded results that fell between the two, researchers in Israel report in the July 17 New England Journal of Medicine.

By conducting a trial within a single workplace, the scientists managed to keep 85 percent of the study participants on their respective diets for a full two years, a coup among diet studies. High dropout rates have historically skewed the results of such studies.

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