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Against the grains

Low-carbohydrate and Mediterranean diets outperform low-fat regimen in two-year trial

3:59pm, July 16, 2008

Carbohydrates have taken another hit. A new study finds that a low-carb diet results in greater weight loss and better cholesterol readings than a low-fat regimen that promotes a lot of grains and fruits. A Mediterranean diet that incorporates some of each diet yielded results that fell between the two, researchers in Israel report in the July 17 New England Journal of Medicine.

By conducting a trial within a single workplace, the scientists managed to keep 85 percent of the study participants on their respective diets for a full two years, a coup among diet studies. High dropout rates have historically skewed the results of such studies.

While people lost at least some weight on all three diets in this trial, the differences were significant. “The old food pyramid is going to get turned on an angle,” says study coauthor Iris Shai, a nutritional epidemiologist at Ben-GurionUniversity of the Negev. “Maybe now it’s a little more

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