Shergottite \SHER-goh-tite\ n.

By Sarah Zielinski, 14:40 PM August 23, 2013

The most common kind of Martian meteorite. First discovered in Shergotty, India, in 1865, these rocks originally come from Martian volcanoes. Shergottites (one shown left) give geologists clues to the composition of Mars’ mantle, the layer beneath the crust. Geologists J. Brian Balta and Harry Y. McSween Jr. of the University of Tennessee say that data from shergottites, and from Mars missions such as the Spirit and Opportunity rovers, indicate that the Red Planet’s mantle was once wet but lo...

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