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E.g., 08/21/2017
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  • black-legged tick on the left, lone star tick on the right
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Your search has returned 715 articles:
  • News

    A new tool could one day improve Lyme disease diagnosis

    A new testing method can distinguish between early Lyme disease and a similar tick-borne illness, researchers report. The approach may one day lead to a reliable diagnostic test for Lyme, an illness that can be challenging to identify.

    Using patient blood serum samples, the test accurately discerned early Lyme disease from the similar southern tick‒associated rash illness, or STARI, up...

    08/16/2017 - 16:10 Biomedicine, Health, Microbiology
  • News

    More U.S. adults are drinking, and more heavily

    The United States has a serious drinking problem. Since 2001, heavy drinking and alcohol use disorder have risen dramatically, according to a new study that surveyed tens of thousands of adults. The numbers reveal “a public health crisis,” the authors say.

    The increases were especially large among those 65 years and older, minorities and women, researchers report online August 9 in JAMA...

    08/09/2017 - 13:30 Health, Science & Society
  • The Science Life

    To combat cholera in Yemen, one scientist goes back to basics

    Rowa Mohammed Assayaghi teaches people how to wash their hands. In Yemen, that’s life-saving work.

    The Middle Eastern country is facing the world’s largest cholera outbreak, with nearly 409,000 suspected cases and 1,885 deaths from late April to late July, the World Health Organization reports. That tally is higher than 2015’s worldwide reported cholera deaths. A bacterial infection...

    08/07/2017 - 13:00 Science & Society, Health
  • News

    Spread of misfolded proteins could trigger type 2 diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes and prion disease seem like an odd couple, but they have something in common: clumps of misfolded, damaging proteins.

    Now new research finds that a dose of corrupted pancreas proteins induces normal ones to misfold and clump. This raises the possibility that, like prion disease, type 2 diabetes could be triggered by these deformed proteins spreading between cells or even...

    08/04/2017 - 11:30 Biomedicine, Health
  • Science Ticker

    One in three U.S. adults takes opioids, and many misuse them

    Nearly 5 percent of U.S. adults misused prescription opioids in 2015, a new study shows.

    Based on the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, an in-person survey of more than 50,000 people, researchers estimated that 91.8 million, or 37.8 percent, of adults used prescription opioids in 2015. Some 11.5 million people misused the painkillers and 1.9 million people reported opioid...

    08/01/2017 - 10:33 Health, Biomedicine
  • News

    Add penis bacteria to the list of HIV risk factors

    Out-of-whack microbes in the vagina can raise HIV risk — and now there’s evidence that the makeup of the penis microbiome matters, too. The greater the number of anaerobic bacteria tucked under the foreskin, the more likely an uncircumcised man is to become infected with the virus, researchers report July 25 in mBio.

    “This mirrors what’s been seen in women, but it’s the first study of...

    07/25/2017 - 12:33 Health
  • News

    Cows produce powerful HIV antibodies

    An unlikely hero has emerged in the quest to fight HIV: the cow. In a first for any animal, including humans, four cows injected with a type of HIV protein rapidly produced powerful antibodies against the virus, researchers report. Learning how to induce similar antibodies in humans may be key to a successful HIV vaccine.

    The antibodies, called broadly neutralizing antibodies, can stop...

    07/20/2017 - 14:46 Biomedicine, Health, Immune Science
  • News

    Common drugs help reverse signs of fetal alcohol syndrome in rats

    A common blood sugar medication or an extra dose of a thyroid hormone can reverse signs of cognitive damage in rats exposed in utero to alcohol. Both affect an enzyme that controls memory-related genes in the hippocampus, researchers report July 18 in Molecular Psychiatry.

    That insight might someday help scientists find an effective human treatment for fetal alcohol spectrum disorders,...

    07/18/2017 - 14:47 Health, Development
  • News

    The fight against gonorrhea gets a potential new weapon: a vaccine

    A vaccine against meningitis has an unexpected side effect: It appears to target gonorrhea, too. If confirmed, the results represent the first instance of a vaccine reducing gonorrhea infections.

    After receiving a vaccine aimed at a type of meningitis, people were less likely to contract gonorrhea, scientists report online June 10 in the Lancet. That’s a big deal because worldwide each...

    07/10/2017 - 18:30 Biomedicine, Health
  • News

    Drinking sugary beverages in pregnancy linked to kids’ later weight gain

    An expectant mom might want to think twice about quenching her thirst with soda.

    The more sugary beverages a mom drank during mid-pregnancy, the heavier her kids were in elementary school compared with kids whose mothers consumed less of the drinks, a new study finds. At age 8, boys and girls weighed approximately 0.25 kilograms more — about half a pound — with each serving mom added per...

    07/10/2017 - 00:05 Health, Human Development