Genes & Cells

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MOLECULAR EDITORS  Tomas Lindahl (left), Aziz Sancar (center) and Paul Modrich (right) shared the 2015 Nobel Prize in chemistry for working out how cells fix damaged DNA.

dna ligase

Specialized proteins (blue and yellow) can repair damaged DNA. The 2015 Nobel Prize in chemistry was awarded to three researchers who determined how the cell works to protect genetic material in the face of environmental damages or DNA-copying errors.

Brain mosaic artwork

IN THE MIX  The brain is a mosaic of cells, as illustrated in this artwork. A recent study suggests that individual neurons all operate from different genetic blueprints. 

Genes & Cells

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