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mastodon bones

HERE FIRST  An unidentified Homo species pounded apart mastodon bones with large stones in southern California around 130,700 years ago, a controversial study concludes. Finds at what’s proposed as the oldest archaeological site in the Americas include this mastodon leg bone with a notch possibly produced by a pounding stone.

casts of Homo naledi’s brain

GO FOR BROCA  A virtual cast of Homo naledi’s brain surface contains clues to the presence of a region (pointed to by red arrow) that may correspond to Broca’s area in present-day people. This language-related neural region enhanced social emotions and communication in the still-undated southern African Homo species, researchers contend.

ancient pattern loom

LOOM ROOM  Excavation of a roughly 2,100-year-old tomb in southern China uncovered four small-scale models of pattern looms, including these two shown where they were found alongside several wooden figurines. These discoveries represent the earliest clues to a weaving technique that transformed silk production.

Humans & Society

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