NO WATER, NO PROBLEM Known as water bears, tardigrades (one seen under a light microscope) are famous for withstanding desiccation. Drying out allows the animals to absorb DNA from other organisms, which may confer stress tolerance.
LOSS OF APPETITE Experiments show that helpful gut bacteria like this E. coli K12 produce proteins that could influence the appetite of mice and rats.
Kwangshin Kim/Science Source
Ancestors of Douglas firs (Pseudotsuga menziesii), such as this one growing in Bryce Canyon National Park, and other conifers underwent genome duplication — adding extra copies of genetic material — around the time of the Permian-Triassic extinction.