John Nash (left) and Louis Nirenberg (right) will receive the 2015 Abel Prize for their work on partial differential equations. Nash: Courtesy of Princeton; Nirenberg: ©NYU Photo Bureau: Hollenshead

The same math that describes playing poker and other parlor games may also provide clues to the origins of life. buttershug569/iStockPhoto

Atari 2600 games provided the latest challenges mastered by machine learning. Joho345/Wikimedia Commons