Pick your favorite quote about the power of words and there’s probably some truth to it. “Choose your words wisely.” “Good words are worth much, and cost little.” “The beginning of wisdom is the definition of terms.” How we talk about the world can certainly shape how we think about it.
From how we define “planet” to what we consider “sound science,” words can influence the questions scientists ask and the conclusions they draw (as well as how much trust they put in those conclusions). Words can spur new ideas — or stand in the way of a deeper understanding. Words can invite people to explore science — but can also make people feel that science isn’t for them; whether purposeful or not, words can exclude. When it comes to communicating science, careful word choice gets a lot of attention. How do you talk about evolution with people who don’t believe, for example? What’s the best way to say that human-caused climate change is real?
This collection highlights the many ways that the language we use affects science, and how people understand it.
New definitions of “habitable worlds” could include planets with global oceans under a steamy hydrogen atmosphere or exclude ones that started out habitable but lost all their water.
Racist legacies linger in everyday lingo for birds, bugs and more. Some scientists see the chance to change that.
In the 15 years since Pluto lost its planet status, scientists have continued to use the definition that works for them.
A mathematical ritual known as null hypothesis significance testing has led researchers astray since the 1950s.
Researchers discuss effective ways to counter the changing tactics of climate denial.
Life, time, intelligence — plenty of terms used in science have imprecise definitions.
The argument between Harlow Shapley and Heber Curtis 100 years ago was ultimately settled by Edwin Hubble.
Here's why scientists still don't agree on what a species is.
Marian Diamond provides early evidence for the brain’s ability to change, or plasticity, later summarizing her findings with the phrase, “Use it or lose it.”
In a big switch, the American Psychiatric Association issues a diagnostic manual that mostly drops psychoanalytic terms and uses sets of symptoms to define mental disorders.