Carolyn is the Earth & Climate writer at Science News. Previously she worked at Science magazine for six years, both as a reporter covering paleontology and polar science and as the editor of the news in brief section. Before that she was a reporter and editor at EARTH magazine. She has bachelor’s degrees in Geology and European History and a Ph.D. in marine geochemistry from MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She’s also a former Science News intern.

All Stories by Carolyn Gramling

  1. a kayaker paddles down a street as it rains in Old Town Alexandria, Virginia

    Intense drought or flash floods can shock the global economy

    Rainfall extremes have powerful impacts on the global economy, affecting the manufacturing and services sectors more than agriculture.

  2. photo of a climate protester holding a sign that reads 1.5 degrees

    Climate change communication should focus less on specific numbers

    Even if nations don’t meet goals to curb global climate change, any progress is better than none.

  3. image of a fossilized wasp

    See stunning fossils of insects, fish and plants from an ancient Australian forest

    Thousands of fossils at an Australian site show a rare glimpse into the continent’s wetter history over 11 million years ago.

  4. photo of the Sahel landscape in Mali

    Africa’s ‘Great Green Wall’ could have far-reaching climate effects

    The “Great Green Wall,” a tree-planting project to stop desertification in northern Africa, could alter climate patterns in the region and beyond.

  5. a photo of workers in an automobile factory working on electric vehicles

    How electric vehicles offered hope as climate challenges grew

    Amid daunting climate change challenges, electric vehicles swerved into the spotlight this year.

  6. photo of Thwaites Glacier

    Antarctica’s Thwaites Glacier ice shelf could collapse within five years

    The loss of Thwaites’ buttressing ice shelf could hasten the demise of the “Doomsday Glacier” and raise the risk of dramatic sea level rise.

  7. image of sea ice in the Southern Ocean taken from the window of an airplane

    The Southern Ocean is still swallowing large amounts of humans’ carbon dioxide emissions

    A 2018 study suggested the ocean surrounding Antarctica might be taking up less CO₂ than thought, but new data suggest it is still a carbon sink.

  8. illustration of a new species of ankylosaur with a sunset in the background

    This dinosaur had a weapon shaped like an Aztec war club on its tail

    The flat and spiky tail club of a newly discovered ankylosaur was unique, even for this often weirdly armored group of dinosaurs.

  9. futuristic scene of India in 2500

    How climate change may shape the world in the centuries to come

    Climate projections need to be pushed long past the established benchmark of 2100, researchers argue.

  10. a slice of diamond with tiny gray blobs of a newfound mineral called davemaoite

    A mineral found in a diamond’s flaws contains the source of some of Earth’s heat

    A mineral theorized to exist in the mantle was found hiding in a diamond. Dubbed davemaoite, it could explain where some of Earth’s heat comes from.

  11. image of a flaming gas flare at an oil field in Texas

    Earth will warm 2.7 degrees Celsius based on current pledges to cut emissions

    The world still lags on its commitments to lower greenhouse gas emissions and forestall the worst effects of global warming, a new U.N. report shows.

  12. illustration of nine dinosaurs of differing ages

    Some dinosaurs may have lived in herds as early as 193 million years ago

    A fossilized family gathering of long-necked Mussaurus may be the earliest evidence yet of herd behavior in dinosaurs.