Carolyn is the Earth & Climate writer at Science News. Previously she worked at Science magazine for six years, both as a reporter covering paleontology and polar science and as the editor of the news in brief section. Before that she was a reporter and editor at EARTH magazine. She has bachelor’s degrees in Geology and European History and a Ph.D. in marine geochemistry from MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She’s also a former Science News intern.

All Stories by Carolyn Gramling

  1. Paleontology

    Meet Lokiceratops, a newly discovered species of horned dinosaur

    Found in Montana’s badlands, Lokiceratops had two large, bladelike horns jutting forward and out from between its eyes.

  2. Climate

    The Arctic is warming rapidly. These clouds may hold clues as to why

    Climate simulations can’t fully handle towering Arctic thunderclouds. So scientists have been flying a C-130 into and around the clouds to learn more.

  3. Paleontology

    ‘Echidnapus’ hints at a lost age of egg-laying mammals

    The fossil discoveries double the number of known monotreme species during the Cretaceous Period.

  4. Earth

    In 2018, Hawaii’s Kilauea volcano erupted like a stomp rocket

    The stomp rocket–like mechanism is a newly observed type of eruption.

  5. Earth

    Freshwater first appeared on Earth 4 billion years ago, ancient crystals hint

    Oxygen ratios in ancient zircon crystals suggest that the planet’s water cycle got started hundreds of millions of years earlier than thought.

  6. Environment

    ‘The High Seas’ tells of the many ways humans are laying claim to the ocean

    The book explains how the race for ocean resources from fish to ores to new medicines — the Blue Acceleration — is playing out.

  7. Climate

    Will stashing more CO2 in the ocean help slow climate change?

    Research is needed on how ocean carbon removal methods — such as iron fertilization and direct capture — could impact the environment.

  8. Earth

    Polar forests may have just solved a solar storm mystery

    Spikes of carbon-14 in tree rings may be linked to solar flares, but evidence of the havoc-wreaking 1859 Carrington event has proven elusive until now.

  9. Earth

    Climate change is changing how we keep time

    Polar ice sheets are melting faster, slowing Earth’s spin. That is changing how we synchronize our clocks to tell time.

  10. Climate

    Waterlogged soils can give hurricanes new life after they arrive on land

    New studies show that the long-hypothesized “brown ocean effect” is real, helping to refuel 2018’s Hurricane Florence and other storms after landfall.

  11. Earth

    Many but not all of the world’s aquifers are losing water

    Many aquifers are quickly disappearing due to climate change and overuse, but some are rising because of improved resource management.

  12. Paleontology

    Earth’s largest ape went extinct 100,000 years earlier than once thought

    Habitat changes drove the demise of Gigantopithecus blacki, a new study reports. The find could hold clues for similarly imperiled orangutans.