Researchers pursue analogy between statistical evidence and thermodynamics
A fundamental problem for almost all science is how to tell a fluke from a fact.
It’s usually very hard to know whether an experiment’s result reflects a truth of nature or a random accident. So scientists use elaborate math to gauge the odds that a finding is bogus. But those odds rarely offer definitive evidence — or even much evidence at all. In fact, evidence in science is a slippery concept. It’s kind of like