Departure from historical climate variability projected to reach equatorial areas first
C. Mora et al/Nature 2013
Global temperatures will take a permanent leap above historical bounds by 2047 if greenhouse gas emissions continue unabated, a simulation suggests. In the tropics, the projected liftoff will occur by 2038.
Climate data from 1860 to 2005 served as a reference for ranges of high and low surface temperatures around the planet. Camilo Mora of the University of Hawaii at Manoa and colleagues averaged data from 39 climate simulations to project when temperatures would permanently depart from historical variability in different regions.
The model put the global average year of departure at 2047, but the date moves to 2069 if swift measures are taken to limit greenhouse gas releases, the researchers report in the Oct. 10 Nature.
Tropical regions will experience unprecedented temperatures nearly a decade earlier than higher latitudes. Temperatures fluctuate more widely near the poles, so these regions