M. Tschapka/University of Ulm
A subset of bats that eat off the nectar menu sip from flowers using specialized tongues that pump liquid up to their mouths, researchers report September 25 in Science Advances.
Nectar-feeding bat tongues come in two varieties: hairy and groovy. By analyzing high-speed videos of bats feeding, ecologists found that the two anatomies translate to vastly different feeding behaviors. Most nectar-feeding bats have tiny hairs called papillae at the end of their tongues that allow the bats to lap up nectar as cats do milk.
But grooved-tongued bats (Lonchophylla robusta in this study) actually pump nectar up their tongue without breaking contact with the liquid — unlike any other mammal but strangely like a conveyor belt. Capillary action and tongue distortion probably push nectar up the tongue, the researchers write.