When the jet stream gets wavy, there's a greater chance of extreme weather.
The jet stream is a band of wind that marks the boundary between cold Arctic air and warmer southern air, and it has some natural wiggle. In response to natural climate patterns, those wiggles can morph into big waves, pushing cold polar flows farther south and warmer air farther north. Big waves have coincided with past hot and cold spells, droughts and flooding in specific regions around the world, researchers report June 22 in Nature Climate Change.
The results appear to be the first to provide direct evidence for the link between big waves in the jet stream and extreme weather.