Even before hatching, some reptiles and birds can shift toward favorable
The power to cuddle up to warmth or cringe away from overheating may be widespread among reptile and bird embryos still in the egg, researchers say.
Earlier studies found two species of turtle embryos moving toward warmth or away from dangerously high heat (SN: 6/18/11, p. 9). Now tests of 12 diverse species find active repositioning, says ecologist Wei-Guo Du of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing.
Embryonic Chinese alligators (Alligator sinensis) shifted more than a centimeter toward heating pads, Du and his colleagues report in the March American Naturalist. Embryos of Pekin ducks (Anas platyrhynchosdomestica) repositioned almost a centimeter, and those of three other birds on average shifted a few millimeters. Embryos of three kinds of snakes edged several millimeters toward warmth or several millimeters away from excessive heat. Only the two lizard species the researchers tested failed to budge, as the scientists had predicted for species with small eggs.
The research fuels emerging appreciation of the unhatched. Other studies found that predator vibrations trigger quick-escape hatching in frog embryos (SN: 8/15/09, p. 27). And cuttlefish learn preferences from seeing food from their clear eggs (SN: 8/2/08, p 10).
T. Li et al. Thermoregulatory behavior is widespread in the embryos of reptiles and birds. American Naturalist. Vol. 183, March 2014. doi: 10.1086/675065.
E. Wayman. Dinosaur embryos were restless, speedy growers. Science News. Vol. 183, May 4, 2013, p. 5.
S. Milius. Turtle embryos are no dummies. Science News Online, June 1, 2011.
S. Milius. Smart from the start. Science News. Vol. 176, August 15, 2009, p. 27.
S. Milius. Embryos can learn visually. Science News. Vol. 174, August 2, 2008, p. 10.
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