Carolyn is the Earth & Climate writer at Science News. Previously she worked at Science magazine for six years, both as a reporter covering paleontology and polar science and as the editor of the news in brief section. Before that she was a reporter and editor at EARTH magazine. She has bachelor’s degrees in Geology and European History and a Ph.D. in marine geochemistry from MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She’s also a former Science News intern.

All Stories by Carolyn Gramling

  1. hot subway
    Climate

    How today’s global warming is unlike the last 2,000 years of climate shifts

    Temperatures at the end of the 20th century were hotter almost everywhere on the planet than in the previous two millennia.

  2. California geologist
    Earth

    U.S. wells are pumping up groundwater from increasing depths

    Around the United States, groundwater wells are getting deeper in search of new sources of freshwater, a new study shows.

  3. Microdocodon gracilis fossil
    Paleontology

    A flexible bone that helps mammals chew dates back to the Jurassic Period

    A flexible bone that helps with chewing may have helped give rise to the Age of Mammals, a new fossil shows.

  4. flooding in Miami Beach
    Climate

    ‘Sunny day’ high tide floods are on the rise along U.S. coasts

    Sea level rise led to record-breaking tidal flooding in cities along the U.S. East Coast, a NOAA report found.

  5. California State Route 178
    Earth

    3 questions seismologists are asking after the California earthquakes

    After back-to-back quakes, scientists are scrambling to figure out which faults ruptured and what it means for future California quake activity.

  6. Elektorornis chenguangi
    Paleontology

    An ancient bird found encased in amber had a bizarrely long toe

    A 99-million-year-old fossil holds a bird with an oddly long toe, which might have helped the critter hook hard-to-reach dinners.

  7. Sargassum seaweed
    Oceans

    The largest seaweed bloom ever detected spanned the Atlantic in 2018

    Nutrient-rich water from the Amazon River may be helping massive seaweed mats to flourish each summer in the Atlantic Ocean.

  8. Paris
    Climate

    Europe’s latest heat wave has been linked to climate change

    Global warming made the June heat wave at least five times more likely to happen.

  9. two people under shade umbrella
    Climate

    Is climate change causing Europe’s intense heat? A scientist weighs in

    Science News talks with climate scientist Karsten Haustein about attributing extreme heat events in Europe and South Asia to climate change.

  10. Eocoracias brachyptera bird fossil
    Paleontology

    Signs of the color blue have been found in a fossil for the first time

    Scientists think they’ve spotted hints of blue plumage in a fossilized bird from 48 million years ago.

  11. Himalayas
    Climate

    Cold War–era spy satellite images show Himalayan glaciers are melting fast

    Declassified spy satellite photographs reveal that glacier melt in the Himalayas has sped up dramatically in the last two decades.

  12. Bolshaya Udina volcano
    Earth

    Is a long-dormant Russian volcano waking up? It’s complicated

    Scientists debate how to interpret seismic activity near Bolshaya Udina on the remote Kamchatka Peninsula.