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Wild Things

The weird and wonderful in the natural world

Sarah Zielinski

Wild Things


Wild Things

‘If you build it they will come’ fails for turtle crossings

Snapping Turtle

Traffic stopped for this snapping turtle crossing a road, but most reptiles aren’t so lucky. And a new study finds that the animals don’t use safe routes built by kindly humans when fences lining the roads are flawed.

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It’s really too bad that turtles can’t read.

If they did, it would make saving them so much easier. When people create an ecopassage so the reptiles can safely cross a road by going underneath or over it, they could let the animals know with little signs saying “Don’t become roadkill! Safe crossing, left 20 meters.”

Instead, we have to rely on fencing to keep the turtles and snakes off roads, which is a good idea because 98 percent or more of turtles are killed in their first attempt at a road crossing. But the reliance on fences may be a problem, a new study shows. When there aren’t effective fences to keep the reptiles out, they don’t use the ecopassages, James Baxter-Gilbert of Laurentian University in Sudbury, Ontario, and colleagues report March 25 in PLOS ONE.

The study looked at the effectiveness of a series of ecopassages built along a 13-kilometer stretch of Highway 69/40 near Burwash, Ontario, near Lake Huron, a region with high reptile biodiversity. The passages ran beneath the highway and were paired with fencing along the road. The researchers looked at reptile activity along the roadway before and after the project was constructed, and also used another stretch of highway, near the Magnetawan First Nation, as a comparison.

They surveyed the roadside and put up cameras in the ecopassages to see what kind of animals used the crossings. They captured Blanding’s turtles and snapping turtles, and tracked their movements with radio transmitters. And they took painted turtles and placed them on the other side of the highway from their wetlands to see if they could make their way home through the tunnels.

Animals used the ecopassages, the study revealed, but the most common patrons of the underground passageways were ducks and geese. Few reptiles traveled through them. And, worse, turtles and snakes didn’t stay off the roads. The number of reptiles on the roadway near the ecopassages actually increased after they were put in place, resulting in lots of dead snakes and turtles.

A small part of the problem may be that many turtles, at least, don’t really want to use the ecopassages. The researchers tested the turtles’ willingness to enter the passages, and most turtles either took so long that the scientists gave up (69 percent) or the turtles refused to go in (22 percent).

But the bigger failure was in the fencing. Along three kilometers of road, rips, holes and washouts had caused 115 gaps. During the spring melt, up to 30 percent of the fence was submerged. And other areas had been left completely unfenced. In total, the researchers calculate, about two-thirds of the road was lined with permeable fence.

The solution: Build better fences. “Roads are meant to be long-lasting structures,” the researchers note, “and mitigation measures [to protect wildlife] should be equally long-lasting.”

Animals

Fertile hermit crabs turn shy

By Sarah Zielinski 11:00am, February 13, 2015
Male hermit crabs that aren’t carrying much sperm are bolder than their more fertile brethren, a new study finds.
Animals,, Ecology,, Conservation

Cats and foxes are driving Australia’s mammals extinct

By Sarah Zielinski 11:56am, February 11, 2015
Since the arrival of Europeans in Australia, a startling number of mammal species have disappeared. A new study puts much of the blame on introduced cats and foxes.
Animals,, Biophysics,, Evolution

Toads prefer to bound, not hop

By Sarah Zielinski 2:30pm, February 6, 2015
The multiple hops made by toads are really a bounding motion similar to movements made by small mammals.
Plants

Huge, hollow baobab trees are actually multiple fused stems

By Sarah Zielinski 11:54am, February 4, 2015
The trunk of an African baobab tree can grow to be many meters in diameter but hollow inside. The shape, researchers say, occurs when several stems fuse together.
Climate,, Animals,, Oceans

Warming Arctic will let Atlantic and Pacific fish mix

By Sarah Zielinski 12:00pm, February 2, 2015
The ultra-cold, ice-covered Arctic Ocean has kept fish species from the Atlantic and Pacific separate for more than a million years — but global warming is changing that.
Animals

Ant-eating bears help plants

By Sarah Zielinski 5:44pm, January 27, 2015
A complex web of interactions gives a boost to rabbitbrush plants when black bears consume ants.
Animals

If pursued by a goshawk, make a sharp turn

By Sarah Zielinski 7:00am, January 22, 2015
Scientists put a tiny camera on a northern goshawk and watched it hunt. The bird used several strategies to catch prey, failing only when its targets made a sharp turn.
Animals,, Evolution

Cringe away, guys — this spider bites off his own genitals

By Sarah Zielinski 7:00am, January 20, 2015
After sex, a male coin spider will chew off his own genitals, an act that might help secure his paternity.
Animals

Lemurs aren’t pets

By Sarah Zielinski 4:05pm, January 16, 2015
The first survey of lemur ownership in Madagascar finds that thousands of the rare primates are held in households.
Animals

Paternity test reveals father’s role in mystery shark birth

By Sarah Zielinski 1:13pm, January 13, 2015
A shark pup was born in a tank with three female sharks but no males. A genetic study finds that the shark must have stored sperm for nearly four years.
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