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  1. Animals

    Invadopodia

    Tiny footlike protrusions that enable a cell to invade neighboring tissues.

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  2. Physics

    Exciton

    Getting excited can kick a person’s energy to a higher level. At the nanoscale, strange almost-particles called excitons do the same trick.

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  3. Microbes

    Osmotroph

    An organism that eats by osmosis, relying on nutrients diffusing into its body from a higher concentration in its environment.

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  4. Plants

    Kleptoplast

    A cellular part such as a light-harvesting chloroplast that an organism takes from algae it has eaten.

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  5. Earth

    Cryovolcano

    An ice volcano that erupts slurries of volatile compounds such as water or methane instead of lava.

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  6. Plants

    Tannosome

    A newly discovered structure where mouth-puckering compounds called tannins form inside plant cells.

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  7. Materials Science

    Qingsongite

    This newly christened mineral has an atomic structure that’s similar to diamond and nearly as hard.

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  8. Planetary Science

    Shergottite SHER-goh-tite n.

    Shergottite is the most common kind of Martian meteorite.

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  9. chromosomes
    Genetics

    Chromothripsis

    Chromothripsis is the catastrophic shattering of a chromosome.

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  10. Astronomy

    Gravitational lens

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