Antarctic midge sports tiniest insect genome | Science News

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Antarctic midge sports tiniest insect genome

DNA gets concise by skipping a lot of repetitive stretches

7:58am, August 26, 2014
Two Antarctic midges mating

INSECTS — THE SHORT VERSION  The DNA that these Antarctic midges are in the process of passing along to the next generation (female mating at left) gives the most concise directions yet found for how to make an insect.

The smallest known insect genome belongs to an Antarctic midge that has to survive two polar winters as a larva to reach its week or so sexual adulthood. The DNA instructions for Belgica antarctica fit in a mere 99 million of the paired basic chemical units that encode living creatures. That’s a bit more concise than DNA in other small genomes among insects, such as the body louse’s 105 million base pairs.

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