How archaea package their DNA reveals they’re a lot like us | Science News

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The first look at how archaea package their DNA reveals they’re a lot like us

Peek into microbes hints that packing scheme for genetic material goes way back

2:00pm, August 10, 2017
archaea microbe DNA

WOUND UP  Archaea microbes wrap their DNA (represented in yellow) around proteins called histones (purple) akin to the way plants and animals do. 

Single-celled microbes may have taught plants and animals how to pack their genetic baggage.

Archaea, a type of single-celled life-form similar to bacteria, keep their DNA wrapped around proteins much in the same way as more complex organisms, researchers report in the Aug. 11 Science. This finding provides new insight into the evolutionary origins of the DNA-packing process and the secret to archaea’s hardiness, which enables some to live in acid, boiling water or other extreme environments.

All eukaryotes, including plants and animals, store their genetic material in cell compartments called nuclei. Such organisms cram meters of genetic material into the tiny nuclei by wrapping strands of DNA around clusters of proteins called histones (SN: 1/10/15, p. 32). “It doesn’t really matter which

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