Carolyn is the Earth & Climate writer at Science News. Previously she worked at Science magazine for six years, both as a reporter covering paleontology and polar science and as the editor of the news in brief section. Before that she was a reporter and editor at EARTH magazine. She has bachelor’s degrees in Geology and European History and a Ph.D. in marine geochemistry from MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She’s also a former Science News intern.

All Stories by Carolyn Gramling

  1. Tyrannosaurus rex

    T. rex pulverized bones with an incredible amount of force

    Tyrannosaurus rex’s powerful bite and remarkably strong teeth helped the dinosaur crush bones.

  2. Archaeorhynchus spathula

    In a first, scientists spot what may be lungs in an ancient bird fossil

    Possible traces of lungs preserved with a 120-million-year-old bird fossil could represent a respiratory system similar to that of modern birds.

  3. mounds in the rock record

    These ancient mounds may not be the earliest fossils on Earth after all

    A new analysis suggests that tectonics, not microbes, formed cone-shaped structures in 3.7-billion-year-old rock.

  4. satellite image of Hurricane Michael

    Here’s what’s unusual about Hurricane Michael

    Warm Gulf waters were the engine behind Hurricane Michael’s quick intensification.

  5. island nation of Maldives

    Limiting global warming to 1.5 degrees versus 2 has big benefits, the IPCC says

    A new report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change compares the impact of warming targets on extreme weather, sea level rise and habitat loss.

  6. wind farm in Minnesota

    How wind power could contribute to a warming climate

    If the United States had enough wind turbines to generate all of its power, they would warm the country by 0.24 degrees Celsius on average.

  7. hurricane satellite image

    Warm tropical Atlantic waters juiced the 2017 hurricane season

    Anomalously warm ocean waters in the tropical Atlantic Ocean drove 2017’s hurricane powerhouses.

  8. Christopher Hamilton

    Christopher Hamilton explores the architecture of other worlds

    Planetary scientist Christopher Hamilton uses Earth’s volcanic structures are a blueprint for how lava shapes other worlds.

  9. fossils

    Cholesterol traces suggest these mysterious fossils were animals, not fungi

    Traces of cholesterol still clinging to a group of enigmatic Ediacaran fossils suggests the weird critters were animals, not fungi or lichen.

  10. Hurricane Florence from ISS

    Here’s how climate change is fueling Hurricane Florence

    Scientists take a stab at predicting climate change’s influence on Hurricane Florence.

  11. mangrove forests in Inodnesia

    Sea level rise doesn’t necessarily spell doom for coastal wetlands

    Wetlands can survive and even thrive despite rising sea levels — if humans give them room to grow.

  12. computer rendering of Ocean Cleanup system

    A massive net is being deployed to pick up plastic in the Pacific

    As the Ocean Cleanup project embarks, critics remain unconvinced that scooping up debris is the best way to solve the ocean’s plastic problem.