Carolyn is the Earth & Climate writer at Science News. Previously she worked at Science magazine for six years, both as a reporter covering paleontology and polar science and as the editor of the news in brief section. Before that she was a reporter and editor at EARTH magazine. She has bachelor’s degrees in Geology and European History and a Ph.D. in marine geochemistry from MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She’s also a former Science News intern.

All Stories by Carolyn Gramling

  1. Saniwa ensidens
    Paleontology

    This ancient lizard may have watched the world through four eyes

    A lizard that lived 50 million years ago had both a third and a fourth eye.

  2. Mississippi River flooding
    Earth

    Efforts to contain Mississippi floods may have made them worse

    Intensive management of the Mississippi River has increased the size of its largest floods, suggests a new study.

  3. Køge Bugt
    Climate

    Seafloor map shows why Greenland’s glaciers melt at different rates

    A new high-res look at the seafloor shows how ledges and dips affects whether relatively warm ocean water reaches the ice.

  4. Sluice Pond sediment core
    Earth

    Powerful New England quake recorded in pond mud

    The newfound sediment signature of the 1755 Cape Ann earthquake could be used to trace other prehistoric temblors.

  5. earthquake damage
    Earth

    False alarms may be a necessary part of earthquake early warnings

    To give enough time to take protective action, earthquake warning systems may have to issue alerts long before it’s clear how strong the quake will be.

  6. hydrothermal fields in Ethiopia
    Earth

    Will Smith narrates ‘One Strange Rock,’ but astronauts are the real stars

    Hosted by Will Smith, ‘One Strange Rock’ embraces Earth’s weirdness and explores the planet’s natural history.

  7. snowy house in Boston
    Science & Society

    What we can and can’t say about Arctic warming and U.S. winters

    Evidence of a connection is growing stronger, but scientists still struggle to explain why.

  8. The Munich Specimen
    Animals

    Dino-bird had wings made for flapping, not just gliding

    Archaeopteryx fossils suggest the dino-birds were capable of flapping their wings in flight.

  9. Earth

    Diamonds reveal sign of the deepest water known inside Earth

    A rare form of ice crystal in the gems could have formed only at the crushing pressures found in the mantle.

  10. fossil of extinct bird called Enantiornithes
    Animals

    This baby bird fossil gives a rare look at ancient avian development

    A 127-million-year-old fossil of a baby bird suggests diversity in how a group of extinct birds grew.

  11. Earth

    By 2100, damaged corals may let waves twice as tall as today’s reach coasts

    Structurally complex coral reefs can defend coasts against waves, even as sea levels rise.

  12. Antarctic ice
    Earth

    Critter-finding mission to Antarctica’s Larsen C iceberg scrapped

    Thick sea ice ended a rapid-response mission to study seafloor that lay beneath Larsen C iceberg.