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Law and Disorder: Chance fluctuations can rule the nanorealm

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8:42am, July 24, 2002

Whether it's the gasoline-to-motion transformation of automobiles or the electricity-to-cooling action of refrigerators, all processes squander energy. They vent that waste in the form of heat. It's a law of thermodynamics, and no one has ever witnessed a sustained violation of it.

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