Vibrations induced by planet send signals about interior’s structure
NASA/JPL-Caltech/Space Science Institute
BALTIMORE — Saturn is surrounded by a vast seismometer: its rings. Recently detected ripples in the gas giant’s rings carry signatures of the planet’s interior structure, offering new insights into what lies far beneath Saturn’s cloud tops. “It’s the first useful seismology on another planet,” says Jim Fuller, a theoretical astrophysicist at Caltech. His research, presented April 11 at a meeting of the American Physical Society, could help scientists understand the formation of planets within and outside the solar system.
Saturn ring seismology began in 2013, when scientists discovered that the periodic rise and fall of the planet’s surface produces gravitational fluctuations that show up as vibrations in the rings. Just as seismic waves produced by earthquakes encode information about Earth’s interior, Saturn’s ring vibrations betray