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Scalding hot gas giant breaks heat records

KELT 9b’s temps soar higher than many stars

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11:00am, June 5, 2017
KELT 9b

SPACE SIZZLE  KELT 9b, the hottest known gas giant, is “pretty much something out of a science fiction novel,” says codiscoverer Scott Gaudi of Ohio State University.

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The planet KELT 9b is so hot — hotter than many stars — that it shatters gas giant temperature records, researchers report online June 5 in Nature.

This Jupiter-like exoplanet revolves around a star just 650 light-years away, locked in an orbit that keeps one side always facing its star. With blistering temps hovering at about 4,300o Celsius, the atmosphere on KELT 9b’s dayside is over 700 degrees hotter than the previous record-holder — and hot enough that atoms cannot bind together to form molecules.

“It’s like a star-planet hybrid,” says Drake Deming, a planetary scientist at the University of Maryland in College Park who was not involved in the research. “A kind of object we’ve never seen before.”

KELT 9b also boasts an unusual orbit, travelling around the poles of its star, rather than the equator, once every 36 hours. And radiation from KELT 9b’s host star is so intense that it blows the planet’s atmosphere out like a comet tail — and may eventually strip it away completely.

The planet is so bizarre that it took scientists nearly three years to convince themselves it was real, says Scott Gaudi of Ohio State University. Deming suspects KELT 9b is “the tip of the iceberg” for an undiscovered population of scalding-hot gas giants.

Citations

S. Gaudi et al. A giant planet undergoing extreme-ultraviolet irradiation by its hot massive-star host. Nature. Published online June 5, 2017. doi: 10.1038/nature22392.

Further Reading

A. Yeager. Magnetism disrupts winds on ‘hot Jupiter’ exoplanet. Science News. Vol. 191, June 10, 2017, p. 32.

R. Cowen. Kepler space telescope finds its first extrasolar planets. Science News. Vol. 177, January 20, 2010, p. 12.

R. Cowen. Feeling the heat of an extrasolar planet. Science News. Vol. 170, October 28, 2006, p. 285. 

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