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How Bizarre

Caiman tears make a salty snack

A butterfly and bee both drink at the crocodilian’s eyes

By
12:00am, May 1, 2014

CROCODILIAN TEARS  A butterfly and a bee lap up the salty tears of a spectacled caiman on Costa Rica’s Puerto Viejo River. 

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Most photographers seek out showy, nectar-drinking insect species near flowers. But one lucky ecologist caught a butterfly and a bee sipping an unusual drink: a caiman’s tears.

Carlos de la Rosa of La Selva Biological Station in Sarapiquí, Costa Rica, spotted the interaction in December, on the shores of the Puerto Viejo River near the station. He observed a bright orange Julia butterfly, Dryas iulia, and a solitary bee in the Centris genus hovering around the eyes of a spectacled caiman, Caiman crocodilus. The insects fed on the tears of the crocodilian, a “lacryphagous” behavior to obtain salts and proteins that are rare in a plant-based diet.

De la Rosa’s observation appears in the May Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. He is not the first to observe insects using animals as a salt lick. For instance, researchers reported a solitary bee drinking the tears of a yellow-spotted river turtle in Ecuador in 2012.

Citations

C. de la Rosa. Additional observations of lachryphagous butterflies and beesFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Vol. 12, May, 2014, p. 210. doi: 10.1890/14.WB.006.

O. Dangles and J. Casas. The bee and the turtle: a fable from Yasuni National Park. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.Vol. 10, October, 2012, p. 446. doi: 10.1890/1540-9295-10.8.446. 

Further Reading

D. Plotkin and J. Goddard. Blood, sweat, and tears: a review of the hematophagous, sudophagous, and lacryphagous Lepidoptera. Journal of Vector Ecology. Vol. 38, December, 2013, p. 289. doi: 10.1111/j.1948-7134.2013.12042.x

H. Bänzinger et al. Bees (Hymenoptera: Apidae) That Drink Human Tears. Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society.Vol. 8, April, 2009, p. 135. doi: 10.2317/JKES0811.17.1

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