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Nobels note neutrinos, DNA, drugs

Work on particle masses, gene repair, fighting disease honored

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5:00pm, October 7, 2015
dna repair enzyme

Certain enzymes (one shown) help repair DNA. The 2015 Nobel Prize in chemistry honored work showing how cells protect genetic material.

The Nobel Prizes in physics, chemistry and physiology or medicine ran the gamut this year, honoring both fundamental science discoveries and research with real-world impacts.

The physiology or medicine award went to three researchers who developed life-saving drugs. William Campbell of Drew University in Madison, N.J., and Satoshi Ōmura of Kitasato University in Tokyo won half the prize for their work on ivermectin, which combats roundworm infections. The other half went to Youyou Tu of the China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences for her discovery of the antimalarial drug artemisinin.

“This is one of those Nobel Prizes for drugs that have truly impacted hundreds of millions of people, no exaggeration,” says Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in

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