Carolyn is the Earth & Climate writer at Science News. Previously she worked at Science magazine for six years, both as a reporter covering paleontology and polar science and as the editor of the news in brief section. Before that she was a reporter and editor at EARTH magazine. She has bachelor’s degrees in Geology and European History and a Ph.D. in marine geochemistry from MIT and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. She’s also a former Science News intern.

All Stories by Carolyn Gramling

  1. Yosemite National Park’s Half Dome
    Earth

    Plate tectonics started at least 3.5 billion years ago

    Analyses of titanium in rock suggest plate tectonics began 500 million years earlier than thought.

  2. Yosemite National Park’s Half Dome
    Earth

    Plate tectonics started at least 3.5 billion years ago

    Analyses of titanium in rock suggest plate tectonics began 500 million years earlier than thought.

  3. Gryposaurus monumentensis
    Paleontology

    Shhhh! Some plant-eating dinos snacked on crunchy critters

    Scientists studying dinosaur poop found that some duck-billed dinos cheated on their vegetarian diets by snacking on crustaceans.

  4. hurricane Irma
    Earth

    Intense storms provide the first test of powerful new hurricane forecast tools

    From Harvey to Maria, this year’s powerful hurricanes are giving scientists’ latest forecasting tools a trial by fire.

  5. Wired for math

    The same neural circuits that adults use to perform complex calculations are already at work in preschoolers doing basic math.

  6. Astronomy

    Energy-Saving Space Engines: Black holes can be green

    Some seemingly quiet black holes are actually efficient engines that emit jets of high-energy particles.

  7. Ecosystems

    Antarctic birds are breeding later

    Rising global temperatures are causing Arctic birds to breed earlier in the spring, but for Antarctic birds, the reverse is true.

  8. Health & Medicine

    Building a Bladder: Patients for the first time benefit from lab-grown organs

    The humble bladder is now the world's first bioengineered internal organ to work in people.

  9. Awake and Learning: Memory storage begins before bedtime

    Although a good night's sleep aids memory storage, learning isn't a task that just happens overnight.

  10. Earth

    Uncharted Territory

    Ultraslow-spreading undersea ridges are giving oceanographers fresh insights into how Earth's crust forms.

  11. Earth

    Still Standing: Tsunamis won’t wash away Maldives atolls

    The December 2004 tsunami had little geological impact on the seemingly fragile coral-reef islands of the Maldives archipelago.

  12. Materials Science

    The art of the fold

    With DNA origami, researchers can make complex nanostructures.