1. Anthropology

    Jaw-dropping find emerges from Stone Age cave

    A nearly complete lower jaw discovered in a Romanian cave last year and dating to around 35,000 years ago may represent the oldest known example of anatomically modern Homo sapiens in Europe.

  2. Anthropology

    Ancestral Bushwhack: Hominid tree gets trimmed twice

    In separate presentations at scientific meetings, two anthropologists challenged the influential view that the human evolutionary family has contained as many as 20 different fossil species.

  3. Anthropology

    Cannibalism’s DNA Trail: Gene may signal ancient prion-disease outbreaks

    Cannibalism among prehistoric humans may have left lasting genetic marks.

  4. Anthropology

    The Stone Masters

    Investigations of modern-day expert and novice craftsmen of stone tools and decorative stone beads offer insights into the making of stone implements thousands and perhaps even millions of years ago.

  5. Anthropology

    Ancient people get dated Down Under

    New dating analyses indicate that people reached southeastern Australia between 50,000 and 46,000 years ago and that two human skeletons previously unearthed there were buried about 40,000 years ago.

  6. Anthropology

    Hand and Brain

  7. Anthropology

    Pieces of a Disputed Past: Fossil finds enter row over humanity’s roots

    Two new fossil discoveries have fueled scientific debates about the evolutionary status of a pair of species traditionally considered to have been our direct ancestors, Homo habilis and Homo erectus.

  8. Anthropology

    Evolution’s DNA Fusion: Hybrid gene forms clue to human, ape origins

    A gene of mixed evolutionary pedigree may have transformed mammalian reproduction, leading to the evolution of apes and humans.

  9. Anthropology

    Gene test probes Neandertal origins

    A new DNA study supports the theory that Neandertals didn't contribute to the evolution of modern humans.

  10. Anthropology

    Dairying Pioneers: Milk ran deep in prehistoric England

    Chemical analyses of prehistoric pot fragments indicate that English farmers milked livestock beginning around 6,000 years ago, providing the earliest confirmed evidence of dairying anywhere in the world.

  11. Anthropology

    Southern Reindeer Folk

    Western scientists make their first expeditions to Mongolia's Tsaatan people, herders who preserve the old ways at the southernmost rim of reindeer territory.

  12. Anthropology

    Chinese Roots: Skull may complicate human-origins debate

    A Chinese Homo sapiens skull, estimated in a controversial new study to be at least 68,000 years old and probably more than 100,000 years old, may challenge the theory that modern humans originated solely in Africa.