Talk about micromanagement: Gut microbes may control a cockroach’s social life.
Gut bacteria in young German cockroaches (Blattella germanica) produce fragrant compounds that, when excreted, attract other roaches, researchers report online December 7 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. The microbes’ chemical creations may play a large role in encouraging roaches to cluster — and may even provide each cockroach colony with its own distinct aroma, the scientists say.
Of 40 compounds the team identified in roach dung that might produce an enticing scent, 31 were reduced by at least half in the dung of roaches raised in a bacteria-free environment. And these cockroaches’ feces were much less attractive to other roaches, the scientists found. In addition to drawing roaches together, these compounds could provide B. germanica with information about the health or size of a colony, the researchers suggest.