Scientists have long wondered why so little antimatter is found today in the universe. Presumably, both matter and antimatter were created in equal amounts in the Big Bang.
Researchers at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva have now made the first slow-moving atoms of antimatter. By studying them, scientists may more closely compare matter and antimatter and possibly explain the latter's glaring absence.
Well-tested theory holds that every type of particle in matter has an antiparticle with identical mass and spin but opposite electric charge. When such particles meet, the two vanish in a burst of energy.