1. Computing

    Software’s beginnings

    The earliest known use of the term software to describe computer programs dates back to 1958.

  2. Computing

    ‘Love bug’ lessons

    In early May, the malicious ILOVEYOU computer virus shut down hundreds of thousands of computers and caused several billion dollars in damage.

  3. Computing

    A loosely woven Web

    The World Wide Web is less like a network of heavily interconnected superhighways and more like a jungle of one-way streets often leading to dead ends.

  4. Computing

    Writing faster with your eyes

    A new method for gaze-operated, hands-free text entry is faster and more accurate than using an on-screen keyboard.

  5. Computing

    Scouring the Web

    Looking for the perfect Web search engine? It probably doesn’t exist, but you can find out the strengths, weaknesses, and quirks of various Net-scouring tools at the “Search Engine Showdown” Web site, maintained by Montana State University librarian Greg R. Notess. Check out the inconsistencies report and sample tips for efficient searching. Go to:

  6. Computing

    Finding networks within networks

    A new mathematical procedure, or algorithm, picks out those members within a larger network—for instance, related sites on the World Wide Web—that have especially close ties.

  7. Computing

    Calculating Cartoons

    Thanks to sophisticated computer simulations of the laws of physics, spectacular special effects—plus a zoo of strange but real-looking creatures—increasingly enliven movie screens and computer-game consoles.

  8. Computing

    Sneaky Calculations

    The same communication system that brings you the Web page of your choice can be exploited to perform computations.

  9. Computing

    Computer paints a charged bioportrait

    By employing a novel computational strategy, researchers have mapped the electrical landscape of biological molecules made up of more than 1 million atoms.

  10. Computing

    New initiatives scale up supercomputing

    Several government efforts aim to give researchers access to computing power in the range of 12 trillion operations per second or more.

  11. Computing

    Web worms: Code Red to Warhol

    Using an efficient infection strategy, a malicious programmer could deploy a rogue computer program far more voracious than the Code Red worm that struck on July 19.

  12. Computing

    Motif for Infection

    A novel computer program pinpoints proteins of troublesome bacteria.