In the Caribbean, trade trumps geographic isolation in the spread of nonnative lizards
When it comes to invasive species, the number of ships an island welcomes may be more important than how remote it is. Islands with more trading ties end up with more species of invasive lizard, concludes a study in the Sept. 25 Nature.
Without human intervention, secluded islands are rarely colonized by new species. “Trade now trumps geography,” says Matthew Helmus, an ecologist at VU University Amsterdam and lead author of the study. “Islands aren’t isolated the way that they used to be.”
Helmus and colleagues studied anoles, a group of lizards that includes about 150 species in the Caribbean. The lizards island hop by hiding in shipments of ornamental plants bound for hotel and resort gardens, concealed among leaves, trunks and soil, he says.
Helmus put together databases of native and exotic anole distribution on the Caribbean islands. He then calculated the islands