The family of the world's smallest primate just got a little bigger. U.S. and Malagasy primatologists have discovered a new species of mouse lemur, an arboreal, fist-size animal on the African island of Madagascar, the home of all lemurs.
The researchers also announced a second new lemur species, one of a group called giant mouse lemurs. The findings bring the total number of known lemur species from 47 to 49.
Discovering two new primate species "is important because it shows us that we still do not know the full diversity of the animals that are our closest biological relatives," says Peter Kappeler of the University of Göttingen in Germany. He and his colleagues describe both new species in the just-issued July