Vol. 157 No. #2

More Stories from the January 8, 2000 issue

  1. Earth

    Algae Turn Fish into a Lethal Lunch

    Scientists demonstrated that some marine mammals have died from eating fish tainted with a neurotoxic diatom.

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  2. Ecosystems

    Famine reveals incredible shrinking iguanas

    Marine iguanas in the Galápagos Islands are the first vertebrates known to reduce their size during a food shortage and then regrow to their original body lengths.

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  3. Blood cues sex choice for parasites

    Malaria parasites shift their female-biased production of offspring toward a more evenly balanced sex ratio as an infection proceeds.

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  4. Physics

    Electrical superball pulls itself together

    A strong electric field can drive tiny particles of a superconductor to bind themselves together into a remarkably sturdy ball.

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  5. Health & Medicine

    Glutamate glut linked to multiple sclerosis

    The chemical glutamate can overwhelm nervous-system cells called oligodendrocytes, adding to the nerve damage caused by wayward immune cells in multiple sclerosis.

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  6. The moon also rises—and assumes new sizes

    The perplexing human tendency to perceive a moon on the horizon as larger than an elevated moon may arise from visual cues indicating that the horizon moon is located much farther away.

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  7. Materials Science

    Tiny gems on steps find future in films

    The discovery of diamond-crystal seeds on steps in silicon may lead to long-sought, large wafers of pure, single-crystal diamond for electronics and other uses.

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  8. Health & Medicine

    Hysterectomy often improves sex life

    A study of more than 1,000 women who had hysterectomies finds that after the operation, women generally wanted and had sex more often, were more likely to reach orgasm, experienced less vaginal dryness, and were less likely to have pain during sex than was the case before surgery.

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  9. Health & Medicine

    Operation overload: Kids’ backpacks

    Sixth-graders in Italy routinely carry school backpacks that equal, on average, 22 percent of their body weight, a finding researchers link to an earlier report that more than 60 percent of children in this age group had experienced low-back pain more than once.

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  10. Anthropology

    Ishi’s Long Road Home

    The reappearance of a California Indian's preserved brain, held at the Smithsonian Institution since 1917, triggers debate over the ethics of anthropological research and the repatriation process.

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  11. Physics

    Catch a Wave

    Detection of gravitational waves predicted by Einstein's 1916 general theory of relativity may finally occur, thanks to a new generation of laser-based observatories.

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  12. Astronomy

    A Dark View of the Universe

    Two new studies suggest that galaxies may be surrounded by vast halos of dark matter extending at least 1.5 million light-years from each galaxy's center.

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