Archaeology

  1. an illustration of a woman throwing a spear
    Anthropology

    Female big-game hunters may have been surprisingly common in the ancient Americas

    A Peruvian burial that indicates that women speared large prey as early as 9,000 years ago sheds new light on gender roles of ancient hunter-gatherers.

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  2. preserved nerve cells
    Anthropology

    These human nerve cell tendrils turned to glass nearly 2,000 years ago

    Part of a young man’s brain was preserved in A.D. 79 by hot ash from Mount Vesuvius’ eruption.

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  3. Mummified llama head from Inca sacrifices
    Anthropology

    Mummified llamas yield new insights into Inca ritual sacrifices

    Bound and decorated llamas, found at an Inca site in southern Peru, may have been buried alive as part of events in annexed territories.

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  4. workers standing at a drilling site in Kenya's Koora basin
    Anthropology

    How environmental changes may have helped make ancient humans more adaptable

    An East African sediment core unveils ecological changes underlying a key Stone Age transition.

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  5. bones from ancient Iberian massacre
    Archaeology

    Bones from an Iron Age massacre paint a violent picture of prehistoric Europe

    Bones left unburied, and in one case still wearing jewelry, after a massacre add to evidence that prehistoric Europe was a violent place.

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  6. drone view of pasture in Kansas
    Humans

    Drones find signs of a Native American ‘Great Settlement’ beneath a Kansas pasture

    An earthwork buried under a cattle ranch may be part of one of the largest Native American settlements ever established north of Mexico.

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  7. Stonehenge model
    Archaeology

    Stonehenge enhanced sounds like voices or music for people inside the monument

    Scientists created a scale model one-twelfth the size of the ancient stone circle to study its acoustics.

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  8. photos of three mummified animals
    Archaeology

    X-rays reveal what ancient animal mummies keep under wraps

    A new method of 3-D scanning mummified animals reveals life and death details for a snake, a bird and a cat.

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  9. South Africa’s Border Cave
    Archaeology

    The oldest known grass beds from 200,000 years ago included insect repellents

    Found in South Africa, 200,000-year-old bedding remnants included fossilized grass, bug-repelling ash and once aromatic camphor leaves.

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  10. Inca ritual offering llama figurine
    Archaeology

    A submerged Inca offering hints at Lake Titicaca’s sacred role

    Divers found a stone box holding a figurine and a gold item, highlighting Lake Titicaca’s sacred status to the Inca.

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  11. skeletons found in mass grave in England
    Archaeology

    Ancient DNA suggests Vikings may have been plagued by smallpox

    Viral genetic material from human remains provides direct evidence that smallpox infected people dating back to the year 603.

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  12. stone artifact from central Mexico
    Archaeology

    Stone artifacts hint that humans reached the Americas surprisingly early

    Finds uncovered in a Mexican cave suggest North America may have had human inhabitants more than 30,000 years ago — way before archaeologists thought.

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