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2010 Science News of the Year: Earth

2:01pm, December 17, 2010

Credit: Alvaro Ybarra Zavala/Getty Images

Inside the Haiti quake
Some 230,000 Haitians died when a magnitude-7 earthquake struck just outside Port-au-Prince on the afternoon of January 12. Scientists from around the world scrambled to the scene (SN Online: 1/16/10) to assess which fault had ruptured and whether more people were at risk. Early ideas held that the quake had broken along the well-known Enriquillo-Plantain Garden fault, which divides the Caribbean and North American tectonic plates. But U.S. Geological Survey scientists found no evidence of a large surface rupture there, instead spotting corals west of Port-au-Prince that had been lifted by the quake. Researchers concluded that most of the movement had been along a previously unknown fault

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