50 years ago, scientists caught their first glimpse of amino acids from outer space

Excerpt from the December 5, 1970 issue of Science News

Murchison meteorite fragment

Fifty years ago, scientists discovered protein building blocks called amino acids in the Murchison meteorite (a fragment is shown, right; isolated particles, left), which landed in Australia in 1969.

Argonne National Laboratory

December 5, 1970 cover

Amino acids in a meteoriteScience News, December 5, 1970

[Researchers] present evidence for the presence of amino acids of possible extraterrestrial origin in a meteorite that fell near Murchison, Victoria, Australia, Sept. 28, 1969.… If over the course of time their finding becomes accepted … it would demonstrate that amino acids, the basic building blocks of proteins, can be and have been formed outside the Earth.

Update

Scientists confirmed in 1971 that the Murchison meteorite contained amino acids, primarily glycine, and that those organic compounds likely came from outer space (SN: 3/20/71, p. 195). In the decades since, amino acids and other chemical precursors to life have been uncovered in other fallen space rocks. Recent discoveries include compounds called nucleobases and sugars that are key components of DNA and RNA. The amino acid glycine even has been spotted in outer space in the atmosphere of comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. Such findings bolster the idea that life could exist elsewhere in the universe.

Maria Temming

Previously the staff writer for physical sciences at Science News, Maria Temming is the assistant editor at Science News for Students. She has bachelor's degrees in physics and English, and a master's in science writing.

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