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Dolphins bray when chasing down a fish

6:01pm, November 15, 2002

An array of underwater microphones has allowed the first analysis of which dolphin is doing the talking.

The work suggests that a blurt of low-frequency sound described as a bray might be a hunting call, reports Vincent Janik, now at the Woods Hole (Mass.) Oceanographic Institution.

Janik's startling imitation of the sound explains the nickname for the donkeylike noise, very different from dolphins' clicks and high-pitched whistles. Researchers had once speculated that such an oddball noise might be a weapon. One old experiment determined the sound level needed to kill a guppy, but braying a fish to death turned out to be ridiculously hard. However, Janik speculates that a nonfatal bray might startle prey into freezing for a vital instant.

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