Advanced electronics and other microscopic devices might someday depend on carbon nanotubes—minuscule rolls each made of a cylindrical layer of carbon atoms.
Now, two research teams have created stable carbon nanotubes with the smallest diameter that scientists believe is physically possible. At merely 0.4 nanometer across, they don't even span the width of four hydrogen atoms lined up next to one another.
"Nanotubes are at the forefront in potential nanotechnology applications," says Lu-Chang Qin with Japan Science and Technology Corporation in Tsukuba, Japan. "A natural question is, therefore, how small they can be and how to make them to test the limit of technology."
In separate reports in the Nov 2. Nature, Qin's group and another, from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, describe how each made their ultimately tiny nanotubes.