Two stars were once considered coldest known

Excerpt from the September 18, 1965, issue of Science News Letter

Y dwarf illustration

JUST CHILLIN’  Some brown dwarfs, such as the “Y dwarf” illustrated here, have temperatures at or below room temperature. Y dwarfs were discovered in 2011. 


Coolest stars found  The coolest stars yet have been discovered. One is reported to have a surface temperature as low as 800° F…. The other of the two cool stars has a surface temperature of about 1,200°. Both objects are presumed to be true stars, not planets, having interior temperatures of 25 million degrees, high enough for them to be stoked by nuclear fusion. —  Science News Letter, September 18, 1965 


These two stars, IK Tauri and NML Cygni, turned out to be warmer by roughly 2,000 degrees Celsius (3,600 degrees Fahrenheit). NML Cygni is actually one of the largest known stars; it wouldn’t fit within the orbit of Saturn. Today, the coolest known starlike orb is a brown dwarf discovered last year. Its surface is around –30° C (–22° F), making its temperature comparable to a winter day in Antarctica (SN Online: 4/26/14). Brown dwarfs, first seen in 1995, occupy a murky ground between planets and full-fledged stars, lacking the mass needed to sustain hydrogen fusion in their cores. 

Christopher Crockett is an Associate News Editor. He was formerly the astronomy writer from 2014 to 2017, and he has a Ph.D. in astronomy from the University of California, Los Angeles.

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