Dust Bowl affected midwestern climate | Science News

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Dust Bowl affected midwestern climate

1:51pm, June 12, 2007

From Acapulco, Mexico, at a meeting of the American Geophysical Union

During the 1930s, immense clouds of dust wafting over the Great Plains blocked so much sunlight that temperatures there were significantly lower than normal during summer months, a new analysis suggests.

From 1930 to 1938, an extended drought transformed the central United States into the Dust Bowl of popular legend. That dry spell, like many others that have struck the United States, occurred during a lengthy La Niña, when sea-surface temperatures in the central Pacific were cooler than normal (SN: 8/10/02, p. 85).

Travis A. O'Brien, a climatologist at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and his colleagues used a computer model to estimate the effect of airborne dust on the midwestern climate. To create the appropriate weather patterns in their simulations, the researchers forced their model to follow the sea-surface temperatures re

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