Gaggle of stars get official names | Science News

ADVERTISEMENT

MISSION CRITICAL

Support credible science journalism.

Subscribe to Science News today.


The Name Game

Gaggle of stars get official names

International Astronomical Union weighs in with formal designations for 227 stars

By
1:47pm, December 2, 2016
illustration of newly officially named stars

WHAT’S IN A NAME? Names of eight stars in the constellation Orion, plus one (Cursa) in Eridanus, are among the 227 now officially sanctioned by the International Astronomical Union.

Sponsor Message

For centuries, stargazers have known which star was Polaris and which was Sirius, but those designations were by unofficial tradition. The International Astronomical Union, arbiter of naming things in space, has now blessed the monikers of 227 stars in our galaxy. As of November 24, names such as Polaris (the North Star) and Betelgeuse (the bright red star in Orion) are approved.

Until now, there has been no central star registry or guidelines for naming. There are many star catalogs, each one designating stars with different combinations of letters and numbers. That excess of options has left most stars with an abundance of labels (HD 8890 is one of over 40 designations for Polaris).

The tangle of titles won’t disappear, but the new IAU catalog is a stab at formalizing the more popular names. Before this, only 14 stars (included in the 227) had been formally named, as part of the IAU’s contest to name notable exoplanets and the stars that they orbit (SN: 2/6/16, p. 5). One famous star is returning to its ancient roots. The brightest member of Alpha Centauri, the pair of stars that are among the closest to our solar system, is now officially dubbed Rigil Kentaurus, an early Arabic name meaning “foot of the centaur.”

Citations

IAU formally approves 227 star names. Published online November 24, 2016 at iau.org.

IAU Naming Stars

Further Reading

C. Crockett. The votes are in: Exoplanets get new names. Science News. Vol. 189, February 6, 2016, p. 5.

C. Crockett. Rock star Freddie Mercury now has his own space rock. Science News Online, September 9, 2016.

C. Crockett. Ceres mountains and craters named for food. Science News. Vol. 188, November 14, 2015, p. 4.

Get Science News headlines by e-mail.

More from Science News

From the Nature Index Paid Content