In May, a genetic analysis of an ancient wolf’s rib bone suggested that wolves and dogs probably split sometime between 27,000 and 40,000 years ago (SN: 6/13/15, p. 10). The new evidence raises the possibility that dog domestication is quite ancient, corresponding roughly in time to the Neandertal extinction. But it’s also possible that these early members of the dog lineage weren’t yet tame or living with humans, says Pontus Skoglund, a geneticist at Harvard Medical School who led the study.
The earliest dog domestication probably occurred near present-day Nepal and Mongolia, Laura Shannon of Cornell University and colleagues wrote in a study published in October (SN: 11/28/15, p. 8). An analysis of 185,805 genetic markers showed that modern dogs from Central Asia are more diverse than dogs elsewhere. Previously proposed regions for early domestication include the Middle East, Europe, North Africa and Siberia.