Ancient hookups gave chimps a smidge of bonobo DNA | Science News

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Ancient hookups gave chimps a smidge of bonobo DNA

Genetic analysis traces previously unknown primate hybridization

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2:00pm, October 27, 2016
chimpanzee and bonobo

KISSING COUSINS Chimpanzees (left) and bonobos (right) interbred in the past. Genetic evidence of that mixing was found in a new study.

Like lipstick on a collar, new DNA evidence is pointing to ancient affairs between bonobos and chimpanzees.

Chimps carry a small percentage of bonobo DNA, researchers report in the Oct. 28 Science. The conclusion comes from analysis of the genetic instruction books, or genomes, of 63 wild-born chimps, two captive chimps named Clint and Donald, and 10 wild-born bonobos. The apes came from 10 African countries.

Although chimps (Pan troglodytes) and bonobos (Pan paniscus) became separate species 1.6 million to 2 million years ago, they are still closely related enough to interbreed occasionally. Finding bonobo genetic variants in chimp DNA suggests at least two past periods of interspecies intimate relations. Between about 550,000 and 200,000 years ago, bonobos mated with the ancestors of eastern and central chimp subspecies. Subsequent mating between chimp subspecies

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