Fluid injection triggers earthquakes indirectly, study finds | Science News

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Fluid injection triggers earthquakes indirectly, study finds

Artificially induced tremors start with slow, smooth slipping

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2:00pm, June 11, 2015
induced earthquake

SHAKE UP  Researchers triggered and carefully monitored earthquakes along a fault beneath an underground research facility in southeastern France. The fault slid smoothly at first before sparking quakes, the researchers found.

The first up-close look at artificially triggered tremors suggests seismicity caused by human activities starts slow before shaking things up. The finding could help scientists better understand, and possibly even stem, the rising rate of earthquakes near sites where unwanted fluids, such as gunky water left over from fracking, are injected underground.

Researchers triggered and studied earthquakes along a seismic fault that runs beneath a repurposed Cold War-era military base. As pumped-in water pressurized the rock, the fault slowly slid without causing any seismic activity. After a while, this slipping spawned earthquakes at spots away from the water injection site, suggesting that the quakes were only an indirect effect of the fluid injection, the researchers report in the June 12 Science.

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