Plesiosaurs swam like penguins | Science News

Real Science. Real News.

Science News is a nonprofit.

Support us by subscribing now.

Mystery Solved

Plesiosaurs swam like penguins

New simulations might resolve a long-standing debate

1:00pm, January 26, 2016

FLIP FLAP  New simulations could end years of debate on plesiosaur motoring. The ancient marine reptiles, one illustrated here, most likely swam using their front flippers for power and their back flippers for steering.

Fossil hunter Mary Anning’s 1823 discovery of the first complete plesiosaur skeleton led to more than 190 years of arguing. Some claimed the marine reptile used its four flippers like the oars of a boat. Others countered that the flippers flapped through the water like bird wings.

Experiments with robots and even humans wearing plesiosaur-like flippers only fanned the flames. But a new computer model may finally lay the controversy to rest.

Computer scientist Greg Turk of Georgia Tech in Atlanta and colleagues ran thousands of simulations to find the limb motion that could best propel the creatures forward. Plesiosaurs didn’t flap with all their flippers, nor did they use only their rear flippers to swim, the simulations suggest. Instead, plesiosaurs powered ahead with their two front flippers, using the two back ones like a boat’s rudder to maneuver and maintain stability, the team

This article is only available to Science News subscribers. Already a subscriber? Log in now.
Or subscribe today for full access.

Get Science News headlines by e-mail.

More from Science News

From the Nature Index Paid Content